In the Parliamentary Elections of March 2007, Estonian electors were among the first in the world to have the opportunity of casting their vote either over the Internet or via a traditional voting booth.
More than 90% of all voters had a chance to vote via the Internet using the national identity card. The ID card has an authentication token for all major e-services in Estonia and tools for digital signatures.
The Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) which is necessary for secure personal authentication and digital signing was developed in Estonia by the end of 2001.
ID cards have been issued for the last six years and by February 2008, the number of card owners was over one million. Thanks to this, most eligible voters already hold an ID card.
The eVoting system follows all the principles characteristic of traditional voting. In order to avoid influencing electors, the possibility of making an electronic re-vote is used – the eVoter can cast their vote again with only that new vote being counted.
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